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Situational Analysis

Since 1994, bilateral and multilateral agencies have launched their own, much larger, integrated programmes, and their support for these efforts is likely to continue through government institutions like the commune councils. The new strategy of DPA’s ICD programme aims to achieve a sustainable improvement in the quality of life of poor rural households in 77 villages of four provinces. The key features of DPA’s integrated approach define a core programme consisting of: capacity building and community organising, food security, natural resource management, education, health education, home-based care for people living with HIV/AIDS, formation of people’s associations and support for civil society’s participation in local governance.

In the period 2006–08, the new approach of DPA ICD will emphasise a rights-based approach and community organising. The RB approach will raise people’s awareness of their basic rights and how to use them properly to improve their quality of life and situation. The community-organising approach will strengthen the community by forming people’s associations and handing over the management of project activities to them.

The ICDD will take up the challenge of finding ways of fostering collaboration and coordination between target beneficiaries, village development actors and other community stakeholders, and commune councils. The ICDD will also use this opportunity to build advocacy networks with other concerned institutions through the Development Education and Advocacy Project to respond to NRM issues, especially in the north-east, where ICD is being implemented. The ICDD will also collaborate with the PD in developing a transition for the pilot commune in the Integrated Community Development Ratanakiri to become an autonomous local institution in a partnership relation with DPA. In this respect, the PD and ICD will concentrate on identifying the most appropriate local institution.