The Integrated Community Development programme was launched in 1994 in four provinces—Kampot, Svay Rieng, Kandal and Ratanakkiri. In 2003 the programme was expanded to Mondulkiri and in 2006 was extended to Steung Treng province. The ICD programme aims to improve the quality of life of the rural poor through building the capacity of VDAs and target beneficiaries, improving food security, health, education and natural resource management for the poor and supporting collaboration in development planning and programming between commune councils and people’s associations.
The project in Svay Rieng was phased out at the end of 2004 and the project in Mukh Kampul phased out at the end of 2005 as all development activities were handed over to CBOs for self-management. The Partnership Department continues to build partnership relationships with those Community Based Organizations (CBOs).
From 2006 to 2008, ICD focused its activities on four target provinces: Ratanakiri, Mondulkiri, Kampot and Steung Treng. The Ratanakiri project continues to emphasise natural resource management (NRM), upland agriculture, health, education, collaboration with commune councils and other income-generating activities. The Mondulkiri and Steung Treng projects emphasise NRM and agriculture. Kampot continues with an emphasis on NRM, food security, HIV/AIDS care and strengthening relationships between people’s associations and commune councils (CC).
To make sure the ICD programmes are on the right track, effective and efficient, the ICD supports target beneficiaries and Village Development Actors (VDAs) to adopt Community Organizing (CO) and Rights-Based (RB) approaches in their activities in capacity building, food security, education, health, NRM and decentralisation. CO and RB approaches will be integrated into all the work of the ICD programmes in all four provinces.