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EIA Consultant

Development and Partnership in Action (DPA) is a Cambodian NGO, which has been active in Cambodia for over 30 years. DPA tackles thematic areas as diverse as agriculture and financial sustainability, natural resource management, and building capacity of community members, and gender equality.

Roles and responsibilities:

  1. Review and revise the existing EIA report review and EMP monitoring checklists;
  2. Develop the capacity of EISEI network members on EIA and the EIA checklists and develop EIA training manual;
  3. Take a lead to review and prepare written comments on EIA reports on mining, oil and gas projects;
  4. Join field visit to monitor the implementation of companies’ Environmental Management Plan; and
  5. Review EIA related laws and guidelines and prepare written comments/feedback.

Qualifications Required:

  • Degree in environmental science, environmental management and other related field.
  • Significant experiences of EIA reports and development projects in Cambodia.
  • Knowledge of issues related to social and environmental impact of extractive industry activities and agribusiness, environmental impact assessment, effective public participation, Corporate Social Responsible, and Business and Human Rights are the assets and preferable.
  • Experience in engaging with line ministries and private companies.

Interested candidates should submit their CV including three references and cover letter to Ms. Sok Sinuon through sok.sinuon@dpacam.org or at DPA Office in Phnom Penh (#3, Street 323, Sangkat Beeung Kak II) by 18th December 2017, at 5:00 pm. Women are strongly encouraged to apply. Only short-listed candidates will be contacted for interview.

Terms of Reference

Call for Consultancy on Developing Checklists

For EIA Report Review and Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) Monitoring

  1. Rational

The regulatory framework for the use and protection of Cambodia’s vast natural resources has grown considerably in recent years. In Cambodia, the government take high consideration in environmental safeguard, and in the process of developing legislation framework including Environment and Natural Resource Code, EIA Law, EIA Guidelines on Mining, Oil, and Gas, and Regional and National Guidelines on Public Participation in EIA Process. These efforts are in line with the growing awareness of the importance of good EIA policy and practices, and poor enforcement in Cambodia’s existing laws and regulations to ensure effective implementation and contribute to sustainable development.

According to Article 6 of the Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resource Management, 1996, an EIA shall be carried out on every project and activity of either private or public and shall be examined and evaluated by the Ministry of Environment before it is submitted to the Royal Government for decision. This assessment shall also be applicable for those existing activities and those which are being under process and which their environmental impacts have yet not been assessed. However, date to 2016, there are 201 initial EIA reports and 50 EIA reports have been approved by the MoE, and 1372 of environmental protection agreements (statistics from the MoE, 1999-2016).

Large scale development projects in Cambodia, particularly Mining concessions, Economic Land Concessions (ELCs), and Hydropower Dam Project, have been criticized for not properly comply with legal framework, and the concession areas are often overlapped community land. This causes most pressing problems, from rampant deforestation to forced evictions across the country. The government has since 1995 approved 267 concessions that are proceeding in 18 provinces of Cambodia and it covers 1,532,782.65 ha of land area. There are 158 out of 267 these causing land disputes. Of these land dispute cases, 42 have been completely resolved, while 50 cases are partly resolved, and 54 cases have not been resolved[1].

Extractive Industry (EI) sector is not considered as key economic sector in Cambodia. Yet, its revenue management and sector governance is overlooked and misinterpreted in current political and social context. While gold and iron mineral resources are attracting attention from national and foreign investments, construction minerals play role in contributing to national revenue from the EI sector. With this regards, this sector has seen to progress slowly towards exploitation stage, and communities living in mining tenement provinces are more or less affected by companies’ activities and operations, particularly in exploration stage. It causes abundant social and environmental impacts; adversely affecting local communities, especially indigenous people (IPs) whose livelihoods depend solely on the natural resources around them.

In line with recent developments in (EI) sector, the government has undertaken legislative and structural reforms. Between the change of management and governance structure in late 2013, Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) stopped temporarily issuing new mining license to the companies, and 71 mineral exploration licenses were revoked after inspection and evaluation of current licenses[2]. The MME is making good progress on developing EI policy including a sub-decree on the Management of Mineral Resources Exploration and Exploitation Licenses, a Petroleum Law, model exploration agreement[3], and legal requirement of EIA report for sand mining and construction stone/gravel[4]. Meanwhile, Ministry of Environment has been more open and CSO representatives have been engaging in the inter-ministerial working group on reviewing EIA report at the same level as government’s officials from the other line ministries. In 2016, DPA received 13 EIA reports from the MoE for review and feedback. This number is much more than in 2015, which only two reports were sent. Currently, 10 EIA reports were sent to DPA (nearly one in every month). This indicate more demand in time and resource invested to work on this EIA review, and has required DPA-EISEI team to spend lots of time to go to the field to verify data and review EIA reports during the short notice.

In addition, DPA has been recognised and selected as sub-technical or technical working group member to work closely with the government’s line ministries, CSO and technical people in drafting guidelines and code. Additionally, DPA also was invited to take part in the public consultation workshop to contribute comments/feedback on the oil and gas law. This has required lots time of DPA-EISEI team and ED to be participating in this long process. Learning from this experience, DPA observed that we do not have enough human resources and time for providing effective feedback and assistance in these both important processes. DPA is still eager to be part of these two processes so that DPA could facilitate our EISEI network members to achieve the outcomes.

  1. Specific Objective
  • To develop checklist tools for reviewing EIA report and monitoring environmental management plan (EMP)
  • To build CSOs’ capacity in reviewing and monitoring the EIA
  1. Expected Output

The consultant will deliver the following key expected outputs:

  • Two checklist tools for reviewing EIA report and EMP for both EI and ELC projects
  • Two trainings for CSOs
  • Five field visits to review EIA reports
  • Recommendation letters produced for submitting during inter-ministerial meetings
  1. Scope of work and Responsibilities
  • Review and revise the existing EIA report review and EMP monitoring checklists;
  • Develop the capacity of EISEI network members on EIA and the EIA checklists and develop EIA training manual;
  • Take a lead to review and prepare written comments on EIA reports on mining, oil and gas projects;
  • Join field visit to monitor the implementation of companies’ Environmental Management Plan; and
  • Review EIA related laws and guidelines and prepare written comments/feedback.
  1. Qualifications and Experiences
  • Degree in environmental science, environmental management and other related field.
  • Significant experiences of EIA reports and development projects in Cambodia.
  • Knowledge of issues related to social and environmental impact of extractive industry activities and agribusiness, environmental impact assessment, effective public participation, Corporate Social Responsible, and Business and Human Rights are the assets and preferable.
  • Experience in engaging with line ministries and private companies.
  1. Timeframe

This assignment is required the consultant to work with DPA that start from 11 December 2017 to 31 March 2018.

Activities Time Frame
1.     Review and revise the existing EIA report review and EMP monitoring checklists; Dec-Mar 2018
2      Develop the capacity of EISEI network members on EIA and the EIA checklists and develop EIA training manual; Feb-Mar 2017
3.     Take a lead to review and prepare written comments on EIA reports on mining, oil and gas projects; Dec-Mar 18
4.     Join field visit to monitor the implementation of companies’ Environmental Management Plan; and Dec-Mar 18
5.    Review EIA related laws and guidelines and prepare written comments/feedback. Dec-Mar 2018

 

  1. Qualification for Selection Criteria

Interested candidate should express clearly the areas of expertise as well as relevant experiences, and successful record of work.

  1. Payment Schedule
  • Budget proposed for this consultancy is subjected to negotiation based on the Expression of Interest and scope of work.
  1. Application Process
  • Interested candidates should submit the proposal along with CVs Ms Sok Sinuon by 30 November 2017 at 05:00 P.M, to: sinuon@dpacam.org. The proposal should include: proposed technical work; detailed budget; detailed timeframe; copies of the CV or team members CVs.
  • The proposal should also demonstrate how the applicant addresses the selection criteria.

[1] – JUNE 29, 2016 (https://www.cambodiadaily.com/news/most-elc-disputes-still-unresolved-114786/

[2] http://nid.eng.cmu.ac.th/sites/default/files/Presentation-Mineral%20Development%20Trade%20Investment-Cambodia-2016.pdf

[3] https://ickhmer.files.wordpress.com/2016/02/new-model-exploration-agreement-eng-2016.pdf

[4] https://ickhmer.files.wordpress.com/2016/05/mmejoinprakasmoeeia.pdf and https://ickhmer.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/proceduregrantingsandmininglicensekh.pdf

 

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